Depth | not only the network 5G three application scenarios prototype early
Text / communications industry newspaper (net) Wang Xin
5G came, with billions of dollars of economic output and nearly 10 million jobs.
Recently, the market research firm Juniper Research also predicted that by 2025, the global 5G operator operating income will reach 269 billion US dollars. At the same time, China Information and Communication Research Institute recently released the "5G economic and social impact of the White Paper," said that by 2030, 5G will lead to direct output of 6.3 trillion yuan, the economy will increase 2.9 trillion yuan, while an increase of 8 million Job opportunities.
The face of 5G strong "gold" capacity, operators, equipment manufacturers in the investment R & D 5G technology at the same time, is also actively seeking cooperation with the vertical industry to seize business opportunities.
It is not difficult to find that, in addition to 5G R & D test progress, VR / AR, Internet of Things, car networking and other applications related to 5G scenes are often "cast", 5G from the concept to the application.
echnology R & D and Scenario Application
As we all know, 3GPP for the 5G defined eMBB (enhanced mobile broadband), URLLC (low latency and high reliability), mMTC (massive large) three scenes.
Specifically, the eMBB scenario is mainly the rate of increase, the future 5G standard requires a single 5G base station to support at least 20Gbps downlink rate and 10Gbps uplink rate, mainly to deal with 4K / 8K ultra-high definition video, VR / AR and other large traffic applications. URLLC is required 5G delay must be less than 1ms, in order to deal with unmanned, intelligent factories and other low-latency applications. While the mMTC scene is a large amount of large connections, corresponding to things such as large connections.
China's three major operators to the media that the second half of this year will be in the north and Guangzhou, Suzhou, Ningbo and other places to start 5G field test work, and will be based on 5G test network to carry unmanned, intelligent city, intelligent family, car networking , Internet of Things and other applications scene test.
Specifically, China Mobile will carry out 5G terminal testing, as well as 5G network based on the car and car, car and the car and all things interconnection technology application test. China Telecom and Nokia Bell, Ericsson and other equipment manufacturers in Nanjing and other cities to carry out wisdom of medical, intelligent traffic, automatic driving and other scenes test. China Unicom will test 5G network technology at the same time, and Nokia Bell, Intel, Tencent, Mercedes-Benz and other manufacturers, based on 5G network car network, Internet of things test.
VR is hot
VR is not a new term, dazzling VR equipment has long been into the mall to become a hot product.
But most of the current market VR products can only provide audio-visual and entertainment functions, and will produce varying degrees of vertigo. According to the relevant data, said VR delay only less than 20ms to ease the sense of vertigo.
So the high-speed, low-latency 5G network is considered to be an effective solution to the problem of VR data transmission "life-saving drugs." At the same time, only 5G network popularity, can really drive the popularity of immersion VR products. Market research firm IDC expects shipments of VR / AR helmets to be close to 100 million units in 2021 after most operators expect the 5G network business hours.
Many equipment manufacturers will VR as a 5G killer application. At 2017MWCS, ZTE demonstrated its low latency 2K P30 VR live broadcast program with its wireless network and wired network. The 360-degree panorama of the exhibition hall and the conference venue was presented by VR helmet, VR mobile phone application, public number and other terminal entries To the viewer, and VR video delay is less than 2ms. At present, ZTE's end-to-end VR live solution has entered the commercial stage, can be used in entertainment broadcast, VR education, VR medical, VR shopping, network red VR live and other fields.
In addition, Huawei set up Wireless XLabs to explore 5G applications, and partners with the development of cloud VR prototype, can now support remote services and other services. At the same time, Ericsson, Nokia Bell and other equipment manufacturers are in the VR field force, optimize the VR device quality, rich VR business scene.
A few days ago, Baidu Li Yanhong sat unmanned car on the five rings of the news set off a wave of public opinion, unmanned driving can be described as exposed.
Although the current laws of our country do not support unmanned vehicles traveling on the road, telecom operators and equipment manufacturers have already carried out unmanned tests. 5G network plays an important role in unmanned driving, because only the ultra-fast rate and very low delay in order to ensure that the driving process can be on the road to the first time to respond to the sudden situation.
In the just-concluded 2017MWCS, China Mobile, Huawei, SAIC jointly demonstrated the advanced unmanned technology. In China Mobile and Huawei to build a 5G network environment, the car installed a number of high-definition camera can be 240 degrees driving angle multi-channel high-definition video real-time back to the remote bridge, in the long-distance bridge, the driver directly Back to the multi-channel high-definition video for driving operation, its steering wheel, brake and throttle every action can be transmitted within 10 milliseconds to the car.
In addition, ZTE last year in Zhuhai to complete the merger and registration of the new bus Zhongxing intelligent car, pushing the wireless charging and unmanned technology. At the same time, in April this year, Ericsson and China Mobile, FAW Jiefang signed intelligent network commercial vehicle strategic cooperation framework agreement, the three parties will jointly promote the intelligent network commercial vehicle industry process, to achieve commercial vehicle unmanned.
The operator "fought" the Internet of things
The 5G network, which is required to support 100 million connected devices per square kilometer, provides "fertile soil" for the development of the Internet of Things.
Relevant institutions data show that in 2018 the Internet of Things industry market size is expected to more than 1.9 trillion yuan, by 2020, the number of global Internet of things terminal will reach 26 billion units.
For the start of a beach gull heron, China's three major operators in the field of things "struggle." Recently, China Telecom's new generation of Internet of Things platform (NB-IoT) officially in Beijing commercial and published the Internet of Things business package price list. It is reported that from the beginning of this year, China Telecom began to re-develop 800M LTE network, and put a lot of manpower and resources to build physical network, in the intelligent meter reading, intelligent lights, smart covers, intelligent parking, sharing bicycles and other fields to carry out multiple NB-IoT Application of the field test and trial commercial. At present, China Telecom has taken the lead in building the world's first coverage of the most extensive NB-IoT network, built in the country 310,000 base stations, can achieve the full coverage of most parts of the country.
China Unicom also early layout in the field of things, and continue to force. As early as the end of 2014, China Unicom will start the Internet of Things network and Internet of Things based on the planning and construction platform, the current China Unicom Internet connection has exceeded 50 million, and has been built 2G, 3G, 4G and Internet of Things Core network, already has the ability to deploy Internet of things in the world.
Recently, China Mobile said that by the end of 2017 has been built in the world 346 mobile networking platform, and announced the establishment of China Mobile Internet of Things Union. It is reported that China Mobile simultaneously to promote NB-IoT (narrowband Internet of things) and eMTC (enhanced machine communication) two new technologies, plans in 2017 to achieve a nationwide NB-IoT comprehensive commercial, the annual number of intelligent connections increased by 100 million Households, the total size reached 200 million.
An industry experts do not want to name the "Communications Industry News" (net) reporter said that the traditional mobile network is more to carry voice and data to 5G as an opportunity, the three operators are powering the beach and other emerging markets , So that the business more diversified, to avoid being channeled.